2 edition of Auto-oxidation potential of raw and retored oil shale found in the catalog.
Auto-oxidation potential of raw and retored oil shale
D. A. Green
by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Laboratory in Cincinnati, OH
Written in English
|Contributions||Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Laboratory.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||4 p. ;|
Pine Shale Shampoo - 12 oz (Raw, Vegan, Organic, Air Element) High quality, shale oil is mixed with essential pine tree oils to create the most restorative 5/5(5). Shale oil is a substitute for conventional crude oil; however, extracting shale oil from oil shale is more costly than the production of conventional crude oil both financially and in terms of its environmental impact. Deposits of oil shale occur around the world, including major deposits in the United y: Kerogen, Quartz, Feldspar, .
Lubricants age and alter chemically by a process called oxidation. In fact, oxidation is the primary way a lubricant degrades over time from normal service. It typically results in impaired chemical and physical properties of the base oil and additives. Understanding why a lubricant oxidizes is essential to prevent, delay and monitor the : Bennett Fitch. The oil shale industry is an industry of mining and processing of oil shale—a fine-grained sedimentary rock, containing significant amounts of kerogen, from which liquid hydrocarbons can be manufactured. The industry has developed in Brazil, China, Estonia and to some extent in Germany and Russia. Several other countries are currently conducting research on their oil shale reserves .
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the Earth, usually from an ore body, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposits form a mineralized package that is of economic interest to the miner. Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, gemstones, limestone, chalk, dimension stone, rock salt, potash, gravel, and clay. Shale Oil Fiasco?? followed this thread for some time. As far as the oil business not a real large scale disaster except for those who borrowed massive amounts of money to finance their leasing/exploration/drilling etc. The bankruptcies will accelerate on the heals of the virus and ensuing crash in prices.
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- /vr/sr AUTO-OXIDATION POTENTIAL OF RAW AND RETORTED Oil SHALE by D. Green Research. and a Western Kentucky #9 bituminous coal.
Samples of raw shale and retorted shale were obtained from Rio Blanco Oil Shale Company (raw C-a shale from R-5 zone, elevation ft mucked from blast #3 on ), TOSCO, Incorporated (TOSCO II. Get this from a library.
Auto-oxidation potential of raw and retored oil shale. [D A Green; Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Laboratory.]. A unitized management and development of the government-owned oil shale in Colorado will make it technically and economically practical to obtain very large production rates (1–5 × 10 6 bbl/day) of shale oil from this source.
The estimated price is below world prices and could be less than $15/bbl. Private oil shale lands, on the other hand, provide a smaller though still Cited by: 4.
Retorting conditions for oil shale have a significant effect on the properties of the shale oil and on the oil yield. Among them, heating of the individual shale pieces is the prime consideration in developing retorting concepts and in operating oil shale retorts.
Therefore, the method of heat transfer to the raw shale provides a convenient way toFile Size: KB. As the exploitation of these raw materials is still extremely complex and expensive, analysis of oil shale samples is therefore extremely important for identifying the deposit’s potential in advance and optimizing mining methods.
Oil shale is sedimentary rock containing up to 20 % kerogen. oxidation and heave of black shale. evidence is presented in support of the theory that autotrophic bacteria of the thiobacillus-ferrobacillus ferrooxidans species are important in catalyzing the oxidation of sulphides in black shale.
gypsum is suggested as the actual mineral species causing at least some of the heave. The potential to produce oil and gas from low-permeability (tight) rocks has expanded rapidly over the last 2 decades.
Over that time, drilling and stimulation technology have advanced, enhancing the ability to produce oil and gas from these impermeable rocks through precise directional drilling, massive multistage hydraulic fracturing, and microseimsic : Jeremy Boak, Robert Kleinberg, Robert Kleinberg.
common organic matter. Oil shale can be burned in boilers as fuel or used as a raw material in shale oil production.
It has to be noted that the production of oil from oil shale requires chemical destruction of shale organic matter (kerogen).
When oil shale is heated in absence of air or oxygen to –. Shale oil – February 1 Executive summary • Shale oil (light tight oil) is rapidly emerging as a significant and relatively low cost new unconventional resource in the US.
There is potential for shale oil production to spread globally over the next couple of decades. If it does, it would revolutionise global energy.
Owing to its lower H:C ratio, the organic matter in eastern oil shale yields only about one-third as much oil as Green River oil shale, as determined by conventional Fischer assay analyses.
However, when retorted in a hydrogen atmosphere, the oil yield of eastern oil shale increases by as much as – times the Fischer assay yield. Applied Geochemistry, Suppl. Issue No. 2, pp./93 $ + Printed in Great Britain ~) Pergamon Preu Ltd Geochemical modeling to predict the chemistry of leachates from alkaline solid wastes: oil shale deposits, western U.S.A.
REDDY Water Resources Center, P.O. BoxUniversity of Wyoming, Laramie, WYU.S.A. Cited by: 4. Future of Oil Shale Mining Technology in Estonia Article (PDF Available) in Oil Shale January with Reads How we measure 'reads'.
Unconventional oil and gas development has expanded dramatically in the United States during the last 15 years. This change in the energy industry has developed, modified, and fragmented large areas of the terrestrial landscape, resulting in hundreds of millions of dollars of annual ecosystem services costs, including negative effects on agricultural production, plant and Cited by: 4.
A Green has written: 'Auto-oxidation potential of raw and retored oil shale' -- subject- s -: By-products, Combustion, Spontaneous, Oil-shale industry, Shale oils.
Oxidation of food grade oils Editor: Dr Matt Miller The PV test is a good way to measure the amount of primary oxidation products in fresh oils. Oils with significant levels of peroxides may still be odourless if secondary oxidation has not begun. If oxidation is more advanced, the PV may be relatively low but the oil will be obviously Size: KB.
Oil shale (Estonian: põlevkivi) is a strategic energy resource that constitutes about 4% of Estonia's gross domestic oil shale industry in Estonia is one of the most developed in the world. Inthe country's oil shale industry employed 6, people – about 1% of the national workforce.
Of all the oil shale fired power stations in the world, the two largest are in. The results of bomb calorimeter tests, which represent the gross heat of combustion, showed the average high heating value of raw oil shale to be about kJ/kg and for the produced shale oil.
This paper provides the status of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) in shale oil and gas condensate reser- voirs by gas injection. It starts with the discussion of possible EOR options in shale. Shale oil extraction process decomposes oil shale and converts its kerogen into shale oil—a petroleum-like synthetic crude oil.
The process is conducted by pyrolysis, hydrogenation, or thermal ock: Oil shale. Some general information on oil shale. The largest deposit of oil shale in the world is found in the Green River basin of Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming. It contains the equivalent of about trillion barrels of shale oil.
Energy returned on energy invested (EROEI) Shale oil and shale gas This is actually a follow-up to questions regarding energy return on investment in shale plays. The simple answer is probably best answered with a rhetorical question.Keywords: concrete, oil shale ash, strength, durability, pozzolanic prop-erties, hydraulic properties.
1. Introduction The majority of mined oil shale is utilized as solid fuel in thermal power plants for electricity and heat production and about one fifth of oil shale is used for retorting shale.
Estonian oil shale is characterized by its high.What are advantages of shale oil? Wiki User x= Related Questions. Asked in Geology, Fossil Fuels Is shale oil and oil shale the same thing? No. Shale oil is oil .